Chengdu was the center of Shu Han Cultures; of all the past dynasties, it was the political, economic and cultural center in the Southwest China as well as an important city on the Yangtze River Valley. The long history left Chengdu a unique cultural environment, including leisure cultures, historical cultures, food cultures, drink cultures, tea cultures, folkways, and so on.
A、Sichuan Dishes 川菜
Sichuan cuisine is one of the 4 famous local cuisines in China which has a long history and a strong local color; it has such advantages as widely available materials, many varied flavors, and lots of different varieties.
Every Sichuan dish has its own style and its own characters; their flavors are refreshing, mellow and strong, and are famous for their hot flavor.
B、Chengdu Snack Food 成都小吃
As famous as Sichuan dishes, Chengdu snacks are the endsville ones and enjoy the fame of 'Chengdu snacks are the best in the world'.
★ Chen Ma Po Tofu 陳麻婆豆腐
Itis a famous brand listed in 'China Food Guide'. It was started in the early years of Tongzhi in Qing Dynasty (1862) in Wanfuqiao in the north of Chengdu City. The tofu cooked by her has unique Sichuan characteristics of bright tofu luster, delicious diced beef, and tastes numbing, spicy, tender and crisp.
★ Lai's Rice Dumpling 賴湯圓
Lai Yuanxi, the boss of Lai's Rice Dumpling, started to sell rice dumplings in Chengdu streets as early as 1894. His rice dumpling was known for the smooth and tender taste, no greasiness, and the quality of not sticking on chopsticks and teeth.
★ Long Chaoshou 龍抄手
Long Chaoshou was originated in the 1940s; at that time Zhang Guangwu and several other waiters of 'Nonghua Teahouse' in Chunxi Road decided to open a Chaoshou restaurant. The major characteristics of Long Chaoshou include: thin skin, tender dumpling, and fresh broth. The skin of Chaoshou is made of special grade flour and other ingredients through a long period of rubbing until it is as thin as paper.
C、Chengdu Hot Pot 火鍋
Hot Pot can be analogized as a brilliant flower in a garden of Chinese cuisines, like a twin lotus flower on one stalk with Sichuan cuisine. You shall never forget about mentioning the well-known Hot Pot of Chengdu whenever you talk about Sichuan cuisine. It is relatively fresher and is comprised of a red pot, a white pot and a dual pot to cater for the needs of all customers.
★ Chengdu Lantern Festival成都燈會
It is popular in the Chengdu area and held during the Spring Festival. As early as in the Tang Dynasty, the convention of lantern-seeing had become popular on the night of the 15th of the 1st lunar month. Now the Chengdu Lantern Exhibition is mainly held in Qingyang (Green Ram) Temple once a year.
★ Chendu Flower Exhibition成都花會
It is popular in Chengdu and held in spring. It comes from the Chengdu Flower Fair. The Chengdu Flower Fair was quite popular in Tang Dynasty. The day of the Flower Fair was the 16th of February in the lunar year, because people thought this day was the birthday of flowers when various flowers blossomed and attracted people. On this day, all florists bring their well-planted flowers to Chengdu for exhibition and sale. During the flower fair, many famous and delicious foods are also placed in the fair.
★ Longquan Peach Blossom Exhibition龍泉桃花會
In the middle ten days of March in each year, the Peach Blossom Exhibition is held in the Fruit Hills in Longquan, Chengdu. The Peach Blossom Exhibition aims at appreciating the graceful peach blossoms. When the peach blossoms are prosperous, the hills look pink with flowers. The flowers and the young foliage shape the picturesque sight. As the breeze is blowing, the petals fall down slowly, and among the flowers people may feel like they are living in a fairyland. After people view the flowers, they can taste the local products in the farmers' houses, like the savory preserved pork, etc.
★ Sichuan Opera川劇
Generally, the Sichuan Opera talked about nowadays refers to narrow-sensed Sichuan Opera, an ethnic folk art that people living in Southwestern provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou love to see and hear. It has a long history, many excellent traditional repertoires, rich music and exquisite performing art.
Repertoires of Sichuan Opera are abundant. Since long time ago, there has been a saying that Sichuan Opera has "three thousand stories of Tang Dynasty, eight hundred of Song and numerous of Eastern Zhou and Three Kindoms", Sichuan Opera performances take deep root in life, full of wit, humor, lively dialogues and pronounced local flavors, authentic and exquisite, loved by common people. Sichuan Opera plays have fairly high literary value. Some performers even created a series of stunts to portray characters, such as lifting, opening the third eye, face-changing, jumping flaming hoops, hiding knives, etc., acclaimed as the peak of perfection.